Systemic mastocytosis and bone involvement in a cohort of 75 patients.
To investigate bone involvement in a large cohort of systemic mastocytosis (SM) patients, and evaluate the efficacy of bisphosphonate therapy. Patients and
From 2000 to 2004, 75 patients with SM according to WHO criteria underwent skeletal x-rays and bone mineral density (BMD) assessment. Sequential BMD assessments were performed in nine patients treated with bisphosphonate (mean follow-up 65 months).
37 patients (49%) had bone involvement according to both x-rays and BMD evaluations: osteoporosis (23 patients, 31%, mean lumbar spine T score: -3 SD), with vertebral fracture (13 patients, 17%), axial skeleton osteosclerosis (six patients, 8%), mixed patterns (three patients), osteopenia with pre-existing fractures (four patients) and focal osteolytic lesion (one patient). Blood count abnormalities were associated with osteosclerosis (p=0.005). In nine patients with osteoporosis and bisphosphonate therapy, mean lumbar spine BMD increased from 0.83 to 0.92 g/cm(2) (+11.1%; ie, +2.05% per year) without recurrence of vertebral fracture.
Half of adult patients with SM have bone involvement. Osteoporosis is the most prevalent bone manifestation in SM (31%). Bisphosphonate therapy seems efficient to improve lumbar spine BMD during SM-related osteoporosis. Spine x-ray and BMD should be performed in all SM patients to detect those who may benefit from anti-osteoporotic therapy.